Wildlife species include the likes of white rhinos, blue wildebeest, elephants, impalas, velvet monkeys, and many more. Environmental changes do not seem to have been directly responsible, while the evidence for social change is elusive. In August 2009, four of those countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe). By Ferdinand Bada on August 23 2018 in World Facts. As in many parts of the world, changes in technology seem to mark a shift to the consumption of smaller game, fish, invertebrates, and plants. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In terms of the environment, the region has several eco-regions that are full of diversity such as savannahs, grasslands, riparian zones, karoo, and bushveld. These changes were, however, neither simultaneous nor evenly spread. Email:info@AdventureToAfrica.com. To fight these problems in order to advance the region economically, the nations have come together to establish international bodies that further that agenda such as the SADC. The semiarid plains and plateaus that cover much of the region contain animals commonly associated with the East African plains—e.g., antelopes, gazelles, zebras, elephants, and the big cats. Is Jersey Part of the EU. In Namibia the coastal margin includes the extremely dry Namib desert, which, in the south, merges eastward into the great sandy expanse of the Kalahari. Based on the membership in the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC), an extra five countries are added to the list. Patrilineal and polygynous cattle-keeping farmers thus had immense advantages over communities that lacked these new forms of wealth and social organization. The always up-to-date list of countries of Africa in alphabetical order Phone: +1 703/665-1969. Sand dunes and vegetation at Sossusvlei in the Namib desert, Namibia. Chad. South Africa. Each group had its own territory, in which special importance was attached to natural resources, and in many instances bands moved seasonally from small to large camping sites, following water, game, and vegetation. Southern Africa, as the name suggests, is the southernmost part of Africa and includes a number of countries aside from the country of South Africa. By 1500 most of the farming communities had stabilized in roughly their present-day habitats, reaching their ecological frontier on the dry southern Highveld of South Africa and gradually clearing the coastal forests. Mozambique is a southern African nation whose long Indian Ocean coastline is dotted with popular beaches like Tofo, as well as offshore marine parks. These developments apparently are associated with the emergence between 20,000 and 15,000 bce of the earliest of the historically recognizable populations of Southern Africa: the Pygmy, San, and Khoekhoe peoples, who were probably genetically related to the ancient population that h evolved in the African subcontinent. For the indigenous people of Southern Africa the frontiers between different modes of subsistence presented new dangers and opportunities. Some divisions are based on the general direction of the four cardinal points, based on physiographic features, and a few other criteria. Can you figure out which ones they are on this map quiz game? Toutswe may provide evidence for a new population; on the other hand, the evidence of its large cattle herds provides insight into the way in which the natural buildup of herds in a favourable environment could stimulate social change and territorial expansion. Further changes were made after the colonials arrived in Africa. This description is mainly used for some educational purposes and not in any official usage since it divides Mozambique into two. Due to the Bantus, several ethnic groups such as the Zulu, Swazi, Northern Ndebele, the Shona people, Southern Ndebele, and other groups ended up speaking Bantu languages. Some ethnic groups are unique to South Africa while others like Basotho crossed the border into the country. Similar problems it faces in economic development include poverty, poor leadership, the HIV/AIDS epidemic, and corruption. South Africa, which has favorable climatic and political conditions, is the top producer of food in the region. The nature of these transitions and the differences among the sites are still poorly understood, and, again, archaeologists disagree as to whether the changes can be explained by local developments or are best explained by the arrival of migrating populations. South Africa Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) However, the following 5 countries, which are in East Africa, according to the UN definition, are included in the Southern quiz … The landscape of the region is a bit varied with some areas being forested while others are deserts or simple grasslands. Thus, between the 17th and 19th centuries there was migration of northern and eastern Shona speakers into the centre and south of the plateau, while in South Africa new land was colonized by cattle-raising peoples, as the stone-walled sites in the southern Highveld indicate. More sophisticated techniques of ironworking, more extensive gold and copper mining, and a great increase in stone building suggest the evolution of more complex state structures, the growth of social inequalities, and the emergence of new religious and spiritual ideas. Madagascar. Other significant hominin finds were made in the Sterkfontein Valley (in Gauteng province) beginning in the 1940s. This table is used to do regional classification in a variety of contexts at the Wikimedia Foundation. Where possible, they exploited marine resources, planted cereals, and worked iron; cattle and long-distance trade were insignificant. South Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea, Eritrea, and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west and Libya to the northwest. In Part 2, the focus is on why migrants from one developing country go to another developing country, and what kinds of socioeconomic effects such movements … The Kalahari desert forms the central depression of the Southern African plateau. This delineation views Southern Africa as the region of Africa that is situated to the south of the River Zambezi and Cunene. The South Africa MCO covers the Southern Africa Customs Union countries ie Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa and Swaziland. It was probably from these communities that the Bantu speakers spread into the more arid western half of the subcontinent, northwestern Zambia, southwestern Zimbabwe, along the eastern margins of the Kalahari into Botswana, and later into eastern South Africa and Mozambique. In the colonial period, destitute Khoekhoe often reverted to a hunter-gatherer existence; herders and hunters were also frequently physically indistinguishable and used identical stone tools. The 1970s were a time of escalating wars of … The River Nile divides the country … Shifting geographic and political boundaries and changing historiographical perspectives render this impossible. Southern Africa is the southernmost region of Africa. The only major river flowing into the Atlantic Ocean is the Orange, which drains parts of South Africa, Lesotho, and Namibia. A number of factors such as poor leadership, high rates of population growth, low economic growth, poverty, political instability, an increase in the spread of HIV/AIDS, among other factors, affect food security in the region. Neighboring countries include Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. 121,111,000. At the beginning of the 21st century, several transfrontier parks were opening, including Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, the first transnational park, and the Great Limpopo Transfrontier Park, among the largest parks in the world. Contemporary Bantu-speaking peoples of Southern Africa are genetically very similar to the Late Stone Age people of Africa; their close relationship also is evidenced by the presence of Khoisan “click” sounds (in Xhosa, Zulu, and Shona) and loanwords in southeastern Bantu and from the iron and stone tools, cattle and wild animal bones, pottery, and ostrich-eggshell beads on early farming sites such as Broederstroom in east-central South Africa and Hola-Hola in Mozambique. Djibouti. If you are truly ready for this geography quiz, you should be able to get them all right in less than five seconds! New kingdoms and chiefdoms were formed and older ones disintegrated, the result of both internal and external agency, while new ethnic and cultural identities began to be forged in the hazardous new world resulting from Africa’s incorporation into the Atlantic economy. South Africa is a country located at the southern tip of the African continent. It also includes a small, sub-Atlantic archipelago of the Prince Edward Islands. It is the third largest country in Africa. All were centres of political authority, controlling trade and cattle movement over a wide area stretching from eastern Botswana in the west to Mozambique in the east. In most of these farming communities land was relatively plentiful, while labour was not, and control over people was therefore of the essence. The landlocked countries of Southern Africa include Botswana, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Lesotho, and Malawi. Angola – A Central African Country according to the UN system. Called South-South migration, and South Africa has a population of over 170 million and growing, Nigeria is Orange... 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