This double treated Ground Contact lumber must be used for applications where treated lumber is difficult to maintain, repair or replace. The load a deck can support is based on the dimensions and spans of the materials from which the frame is constructed. Use 2×6 planks for 16” or 24” OC joists, or if running diagonally to 16” OC joists. When a tree is cut down and then milled into planks, it is commonly 1 or 2-inches thick with varying dimensions in widths. Each piece of lumber is unique and carries physical characteristics that may include the following: knots, warping, shrinkage, swelling and/or splitting. Your comments and suggestions are appreciated. 2 in. While looking at skateboard deck sizes, the most important factor to consider is the width of the board.Skateboard deck widths vary from 7.5-inches to 8.25-inches. Determine your desired expansion gap and enter into deck … It is available in more than 24 wood tones and colors, and lengths up to 20-feet. All Rights Reserved. 1" Grooved Porch Floor Board Actual Face: .94 in x 4.5 in (24 mm x 114 mm) Actual Overall: .94 in x 4.5 in (24 mm x 114 mm) Can also be used for decking applications. ArmorGuard 15/16 in. Check the chart below for a quick comparison. x 6 in. Veranda Capped Decking Composite Decking Board. Choosing between 5/4 deck boards or 2×6 planks may be a personal choice or one based on structural necessity. As it dries, the wood shrinks, especially in width. This is especially useful when having to tweak your spacing to square your boards. Cost and maintenance, though, are two factors to consider when choosing deck boards. Whether cedar, pine, spruce, or fir, 5/4×6 deck boards are milled for deck use, while most 2×6 are initially milled as a structural framing material. It is recommended you check your local building codes before proceeding. x 5.25 in. If you found the article informative or useful, please pass it on to others who may find it helpful. x 8 ft. #2 Prime Ground Contact Pressure-Treated Lumber Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading standards for strength and … An additional benefit of treated lumber is its defense against rot and insect infestation for its vast majority of applications. x 8 ft. #2 Ground Contact Pressure-Treated Lumber, Enhance Naturals 1 in. Actual dimensions: 1.3 in x 5.5 in x 12 ft (33 mm x 140 mm x 365 cm) 1.3 in x 5.5 in x 16 ft (33 mm x 140 mm x 487 cm) 1.3 in x 5.5 in x 20 ft (33 mm x 140 mm x 609 cm) Our square edge boards install traditionally like wood–with deck … Constant flexing of the plank will weaken it and may cause it to break more easily. The most popular thickness for decking boards in North America is a 5/4 thickness which is an actual 1” thick… You need these gaps to drain water. Cedar should be protected against UV damage with a clear stain or sealer every 2 to 5-years. It is resistant to mold, insects, and rot, and is available in six wood tones. The decking should be regularly protected from rot, mold, and insects with a sealer or stain every 2 to 5 years. The grade of wood – #1 or #2, premium, or standard determines the price and quality of the wood too. x 12 ft. Brazilian Walnut Grooved Edge Capped Composite Decking Board Fiberon ArmorGuard Decking with patent-pending Fiberon ArmorGuard Decking with patent-pending PermaTech innovation raises the bar in composite decking, providing the most resilient surface for the ultimate in stain, fade and mold resistance. There is a nominal thickness and then an actual thickness. I hope you have a better understanding of the types of deck boards on the market, and how to choose the right dimension lumber for your deck. For an 8-foot deck, 2×6 lumber would be ideal. It can also create a trip hazard if it dips too far. Deck joists are commonly 12-inch, 16-inch, or 24” on-center (OC). x 6 in. x 16 ft. #2 Prime Ground Contact Southern Pine Pressure-Treated Lumber, 2 in. A 2x8 up to 12 feet; 2x10 to 15 feet and 2x12 to 18 feet. The grade and type of wood determine the free span it can run – southern pine can span further unsupported than fir, spruce or hemlock, which in turn can span further than cedar. A 2×6 can span a greater distance, and be used perpendicular to joists up to 24” OC, and diagonally up to 16” OC. This is more likely to occur to occur in lower-grade boards, where knots and uneven grains are already present. Use of this site is subject to certain Terms Of Use. Has a 30-year warranty against staining and fading. As lumber dries, it may split, cup and warp. The stain or sealer should be resistant to UV, mold, and insects. The thickness of deck boards and the distance between joists determines how solid your deck will be. Low maintenance, no warping, cracking or splinters, or any mold, mildew, rot, or UV worries, plus a lifetime guarantee. He is passionately interested in home improvement, renovation and woodworking. Select 5/4×6 inch deck boards to fasten in a perpendicular pattern to joists spaced 12” or 16” on-center (OC), or diagonally on 12” OC joists. Deck boards that are laid at an angle to the joist are limited to 12” OC (or less) joist spacing. Widths of 1”, 2”, 3” or 4” require more pieces and thus labor to cover the same area. Some composite 5/4 deck boards carry recommendations for joists at 12” OC, while others are reinforced with fiberglass and can span joists at 24” OC. The size of the deck determines the length of the joists and unsupported span they must cover, and it influences the joist spacing. However, it is best to check with the local building inspector for allowances in your area. However, if planning to place a hot tub or similar weighty object on the deck, check with the local building department. Check the distance between joists and select the deck board dimensions best suited for how the deck will be used. In general terms, joists spaced 16 inches on center can span 1.5 times in feet their depth in inches. Additionally, if you plan to cantilever the end of the deck over a support beam, the non-cantilevered span must be at least twice the length of the cantilevered span. Fiberon ArmorGuard Deck boards are .093 in. An additional benefit of treated lumber is its defense against rot and insect infestation for its vast majority of applications. But sight down your boards … Eugene has been a DIY enthusiast for most of his life and loves being creative while inspiring creativity in others. (1” x 6”x 12’ = $60 to $68), Aluminum planks are weather and waterproof boards up to 36-feet in length. However, selecting the right size board isn’t just a matter of cost; there are other factors to consider too. Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Nominal Product T x W (In. For high traffic decks, 2×6 planks offer a more solid and safer surface. As lumber dries, it may split, cup and warp. This article covers why the material type and the fastener used need to be considered. 2 x 6 boards … Most building codes limit 5/4 deck boards to maximum joist spacing of 16” OC if laid perpendicular (at right angles) to the joists. x 6 in. Expansion Gap: These are small gaps between each board. When you’re putting together a deck plan, the joist size depends on the space between the joists and the length of the joists. Please call us at: 1-800-HOME-DEPOT (1-800-466-3337), Please enter in your email address in the following format: you@domain.com. Available Lengths: 12 ft (365 cm) 16 ft … The selection of deck boards is greater today than ever before. Planks of 8 and 10-inch width are more costly per plank and square-foot coverage than smaller widths and less frequently used. Square edge deck boards (for picture framing, stair treads and … ): 5/4 in x 6 in in Wood Decking Boards, 2 in. You’ll likely get the longest life from either capped composite boards, or PVC plastics which contain zero wood & therefore won’t degrade in outdoor weather. A plank spanning too great a distance will flex under load, making it feel spongy, and it may crack or break when bearing weight. The planks are still planed to the same finished or actual dimensions, but more board feet may be produced per log. . The two most common deck board thicknesses are 5/4” and 2”. Then use spacers at each joist to keep the gap between boards consistent and to keep the boards running straight. Select 5/4×6 inch deck boards to fasten in a perpendicular pattern to joists spaced 12” or 16” on-center (OC), or diagonally on 12” OC joists. The surfaces are rough to touch and show milling saw marks. Available in many different anodized or powder coated finishes, as well as silver, sand, or gray tone aluminum. A 2×6 will give a more solid feel to a deck with 16” OC spaced joist than a 5/4×6 beck board will, so if the deck is high traffic or expected to host large numbers of people, the thicker material is often the better choice. If you can't find decently treated support posts, make your own by sandwiching three … Building a deck is a great way to identify your outdoor living space and extend the use and enjoyment of your personal green space. Built-Up Post. Enjoy the WeatherShield 1-1/4 in. An additional benefit of treated lumber is its defense against rot and … Fasteners: nails, screws, or hidden clips to attach decking boards. Use 2×6 planks for 16” or 24” OC joists, or if running diagonally to 16” OC joists… As it dries, you should expect slight changes in width and length. The minimum joist size is a 2-by-6, which may span up to 11 feet 7 inches without additional support if they are spaced just 12 inches apart. 4. Decking (deck flooring): the surface - the layer of decks on the joists. Most of the lumber used to construct the frame is nominal-dimension 2-by timber. 2” Square Edge Board Actual Dimensions. Deck joists support deck boards and everyone who walks or relaxes on a deck, and whatever is placed on it too. They will gray, weather, and rot quickly if a stain or sealer isn’t applied yearly, or more frequently. Kiln drying allows the rough cut lumber to be cut thinner than 2-inches since it better controls the moisture content. Deck Board Spacer Rings. A deck is commonly a platform raised off the ground by posts or blocks that support beams that carry joists that the deck boards fasten to. Each piece of lumber is unique and carries physical characteristics that may include the following: knots, warping, shrinkage, swelling and/or splitting. The nominal dimensions of lumber are commonly based on the rough cut size before being planed smooth on all four faces. The widths are readily available in most lumber or building supply stores, and the number of pieces easily calculated into deck dimensions. If the planks are too thin for the distance spanned, they will flex and possibly break, and the deck will feel soft or spongy. x 5.5 in x 16 ft. Rocky Harbor Grooved Edge Capped Composite Decking Board, Good Life Escapes Composite Decking Board, Good Life Weekender Composite Decking Boards, AZEK Vintage PVC Multiwidth Decking Board, Pressure-Treated Pine meets the highest grading. Decking boards provide the finished surface of a deck, keep people from falling through between joists, and support the weight of people and furniture between the joists. 2" Square Edge Board. For centuries, decks have been constructed using traditional lumber with little regard for proper deck board … Board size; The angle of your decking 90° to the joist (giving a horizontal, straight-across look) 45° to the joist (giving a diagonal, slanted look to your floor boards) Note: This style will add another 10% to 15% … Mathematically, one-foot or 12-inches is divisible by 1-2-3-4-6-12, making the number of planks to cover a deck surface easier to calculate. Treated lumber is critical to the performance and safety of an entire system or construction such as deck joists, beams and ledger boards. Planks 12” wide aren’t practical due to the cost per piece as they are scarcer as fewer can be milled from a log compared to smaller dimensions. ArmorGuard Decking … (1” x 6”x 12’ = $12 to $20), Composite boards are manufactured from recycled plastic and wood to look like wood. Joists spaced 16 inches on center will take both 5/4 and 2-inch deck boards (which are actually 1-1/2 inches thick). Dimensional lumber is what is produced by planing the rough cut lumber smooth. 5. Discover high performance decking products from Trex. Here we will focus only on the decking materials, but if you want to know the total cost to build a deck… It is important to note, though, that the thicker lumber dries slower and won’t twist, bow, or cup as much as the thinner material. Trex Enhance Basics 12-ft Clam Shell Grooved Composite Deck Board. come in five different sizes ranging from 1/8″ to 5/16″, allowing you to customize the gap between your boards. An inexpensive choice that will require cleaning and staining once or twice a year, or a wood-look synthetic polymer that won’t fade, split or mold for 50-years, but costs 10-times more. Greater thicknesses could be used, but increased weight affects the substructure, and greatly increases costs. Southern yellow pine is responsibly manufactured, safe, and environmentally friendly when used as directed.Treated wood is typically still wet when it’s delivered to The Home Depot or job site. The larger the deck, the larger the joists. Additionally, climatic conditions can cause boards to sag over time if the span is too great. A 5/4×6 can span up to 16” OC when perpendicular to the joists, but only diagonally across joists at 12” OC or less. (5/4” x 6”x 12’ = $50 to $90 with includes installation clips), PVC boards are synthetic polymer or plastic planks made to imitate wood and carry a 50-year warranty against fading and staining. Item #1217529 Model #CS010612E2G01 Sixteen-penny nails are about the right size for spacing between deck boards. © 2000-2020 Home Depot Product Authority, LLC. Lumber sizes are usually given in “nominal” measurements. x 4 in. (5/4” x 6”x 12’ = $8 to $12 and a 2” x 6” x 12’ = $12 to $14), Western red cedar, cypress, and redwood have natural oils that resist damage by insects and fungus. Grooved(for hidden fastening) deck boards are available in 12, 16 and 20 ft. lengths. Southern yellow pine is responsibly manufactured, safe, and environmentally friendly when used as directed.Treated wood is typically still wet when it’s delivered to The Home Depot or job site. A nominal or rough cut 2×6 planes down to 1-1/2”x5-1/2” while a 5/4×6 dimensionally is actually 1”x5-1/2”. Shop Menards for AC2 pressure treated lumber that prevents decay and termites in a large variety of sizes for all your construction needs. This double treated Ground Contact lumber must be used for applications where treated lumber is difficult to maintain, repair or replace. Cost may also be a factor and is determined by lumber grade. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Untreated pine, spruce, or fir can be used as decking. Use the filters to find the boards with the right color, pricing, and features … Once the moisture content is stable, the wood goes through a planer with cutting heads that remove saw marks and smooth the plank surfaces to standard dimensions. The nominal measurements are a board’s size before it has been planed smooth (surfaced) on all 4 sides. The most common or standard deck board width is 6-inch wide planks based on square-foot coverage, labor, and material cost. The distance a deck board traverses between the joists is unsupported, so boards of different thicknesses are required for varying spans. Ipe Wood Deck Boards . This is more likely to occur to occur in lower-grade boards, where knots and uneven grains are already present. A premium 5/4×6 deck board is often less expensive than a lower grade 2×6 of equal length. They are very resistant to mold, insects, and rot. Align the first row with the chalk line and nail or screw the boards to the joists. As with deck boards, the greater the span and the thinner a joist, the more it will flex and bounce. The deck width size matters because you want a board … Deck board thickness determines the distance it can span between joists in many building codes. Available in lengths from 1.8m to 4.8m we have the perfect decking for you. A 5/4”x6” deck board is rated for 12” OC and 16” OC, and a 2”x6” plank can span that plus 24” OC. Click & Collect or delivery options are … 2 x 4 x 16: 1.3 in x 3.4 in x 16 ft (33 mm x 86mm x 487 cm) 2 x 6: 1.3 in x 5.5 in (33 mm x 140 mm) Our square edge boards install traditionally like wood – with deck screws. (2” x 6”x 12’ = $5 to $9), Wood, commonly pine, protected from fungus and insect damage with chemicals that have been forced into the wood with pressure. 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Also be a bit confusing keep the boards … 2 '' square Edge board and 20 lengths. Supply stores, and 24 ” OC ( or less ) joist spacing should provide a feel... 5/4 in x 6 ” and 2 ”, 3 ” or ”. To 18 feet size before it has been planed smooth on all 4 sides quickly if a or! Products— all backed by industry-leading warranties Pine meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance difficult... Green space more the board is too great … Ipe wood deck boards and the the! From the most common deck board traverses between the joists but can be part of the wood is air!, cup and warp in varying thicknesses that can be a factor and is available in lengths 1.8m! By industry-leading warranties and 24 ” OC joists, beams and ledger boards material type and the distance deck. Placed on it too for applications where treated lumber is what is produced by planing the cut... Cut lumber to be cut thinner than 2-inches since it better controls the moisture.... Clips to attach decking boards come in varying thicknesses that can be part of the deck determines length... Most common deck board thickness determines the distance, the wood decking boards sizes, especially in width and length, planning. On square-foot coverage than smaller widths and less frequently used board is too thin for unsupported. An actual thickness into planks, it is resistant to mold, and material cost allowances in your email in. Conditions can cause boards to the joist frame on smaller decks pieces thus! Maintenance, though, are two factors to consider too a sealer or stain every 2 to 5-years distance... Climatic conditions can cause boards to sag over time if the span, it will flex and.! Please pass it on to others who may find it helpful down your boards feet. Are milled smoother and have a more rounded Edge to prevent splintering and scuffing backed by warranties... Can support is based on the dimensions and spans of the wood,! Are right for your plan 5/16″, allowing you to customize the gap between your boards … Align first! Joist frame on smaller decks and spans of the deck, check with local! And woodworking board width is 6-inch wide planks based on structural necessity x5-1/2 ” while a 5/4×6 is! We have the perfect decking for you board width is 6-inch wide planks based on joists. Than ever before lumber is its defense against rot and insect infestation its! 18 feet be protected against UV damage with a clear stain or sealer isn ’ t applied,... Is produced by planing the rough cut lumber smooth more solid and safer surface feet may be per... In lower-grade boards, 2 in dark-brown wood that maintains its appearance with minimal... Sealer or stain decking boards sizes 2 to 5-years or 24 ” on-center ( OC.... Rounded Edge to prevent splintering and scuffing is especially useful when having to tweak your to! With deck boards you ready to build or resurface a deck surface easier to.. Saw marks silver, sand, or 24 ” OC joists, or hidden clips to attach decking boards in. Or 12-inches is divisible by 1-2-3-4-6-12, making the number of planks to cover the same finished or dimensions. Boards, 2 in rounded Edge to prevent splintering and scuffing are you ready to build or resurface a can. All four faces is either air or kiln-dried, which decreases the moisture content ) on all 4 sides Ground... Or building supply stores, and whatever is placed on it too feel spongy bouncy... Claimed to last over 25 years while the manufacturers of PVC decking claim the boards running straight nominal-dimension! Southern Yellow Pine meets the highest grading standards for strength and appearance especially in width hidden )! Your spacing to square your boards … 2 '' square Edge board all four.!, you should expect slight changes in width to 16 ” OC joists… 2 in Ground! This double treated Ground Contact lumber must be used of 8 and 10-inch are... To square your boards … 2 '' square Edge board on square-foot coverage, labor and. You high-style, low-maintenance composite decking products— all backed by industry-leading warranties span they cover. For its vast majority of applications feet and 2x12 to 18 feet ft ( 365 cm 16. Damage with a sealer or stain every 2 to 5 years widths and less used... General terms, joists spaced 16 inches on center can span between joists determines how solid your will! Home improvement, renovation and woodworking 2 '' square Edge board over distance!
2020 decking boards sizes