Actinomorphic, polyphyllous, unilocular ovary, axile placentation. Mostly annual or perennial herbs, some are shrubs, and a few are climbers. The corolla is found to be regular as in Solanum, which consists of rotate corolla, or the bell-shaped corolla of Atropa, or irregular to some extent, as in Hyoscyamus. Image Guidelines 5. Plagiarism Prevention 4. In Liliaceae, the flowers are actinomorphic (radial symmetry), bisexual, trimerous (calyx, corolla, stamens and pistils are arranged in sets of 3). Range of Floral Structuresin Solanaceae: The flower is usually zygomorphic, but rarely actinomorphic, due to obliquely placed ovary. Seeds—more or less uniform, albuminous. The flower is usually zygomorphic, but rarely actinomorphic, due to obliquely placed ovary. Floral formula: Range of floral structure: The Rosaceae, has a wide range of floral structure. This fain lb has a great economic importance for mankind. Requirement: Locally available plant specimens of Solanaceae, Fabaceae and Liliaceae. floral morphology in the genus Schizanthus is unusual among members of Solanaceae. The number of ovules is generally numerous but occasionally few ovules are found, as in Cestrum. Solanaceae, the nightshade, or potato, family of flowering plants (order Solanales), with 102 genera and nearly 2,500 species, many of considerable economic importance as food and drug plants. Stem: Erect or climber; Solanaceae includes herbs, shrubs, small trees, and climbers. Prohibited Content 3. Flowers are pentamerous with 10 – α stamens, 5 carpels which may be free as in … (20) Brunfelsia, Salpiglossis, Schizanthus and Petunia are garden plants. In Datura, 4-celled chamber is seen, but in Nicandra, the ovary becomes 3-5-celled. The stamens are usually unequal in their length. The main types of aestivation are valvate, twisted, imbricate and vexillary . Bicarpellary syncarpous; ovary superior, obliquely placed, each loculus contains numerous ovules, axile Placentation; style long, slightly twisted; stigma bifid, green and capitate. February 20, 2018 Sushil Humagain Biology, Botany 0. It is related to Convolvulaceae in the presence of persistent calyx, twisted corolla and false septum. Example: Solanum nigram (black Night –shade). In some species of Solanum it is an axillary, scorpioid cyme which appeal's to be arising extra axillaris v from the middle of an internode due to adnation of the peduncle with the internode. Floral Trait Reconstruction Four floral characters were chosen for trait reconstruction: flower color, corolla shape, corolla length and stapet morphology. Five, gamosepalous, campanilate, green, persistent, hairy, inferior. (26) Cestrum diurnum, very common on roadsides. Some plants are used as vegetables, such as, Solanum tuberosum (potato), S. melongena (brinjal), S. lycopersicum (tomato), Capsicum and others. Which of the following represents the floral characters of liliaceae? Ramal and cauline, alternate, opposite in the floral region, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, dentate, acute, unicostate and reticulate, glaucous or sparsely. Habit: The habit of the members of this family is variable. Flower: (19) Solanum seaforthianum, a climber, very commonly found in Darjeeling with small white flowers. Propagation type:Seeds and fruits Distribution: The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. (4) Solanum torvum Swartz., a common shrub. A typical flower consists of four types of floral leaves called sepals, petals, stamens and carpels in distinct whorls normally known as calyx, corolla, androecium and gynoecium respectively. Report a Violation, Acanthaceae Family: Position, Vegetative and Floral Characters (With Diagram), Renunculaceae: Position, Vegetative and Floral Characters, Leguminaceae: 3 Sub-Families of Leguminaceae. (24) Browallia elata L., an annual garden herb. These form more than ten per cent of the total number of species of flowering plants. Floral Characters Inflorescence: It is usually cymose type. In Datura it is solitary and terminal. Solanaceae is an economically important family of flowering plants. The flowers are bilabiate and strongly zygomorphic, resembling the papilionaceous flower (Fig. (18) Solanum macranthum, a tree-like plant with pale-blue flowers, often cultivated in gardens. Zygomorphy is very prominent in Salpiglossis. The Solanaceae, or nightshades, are a family of flowering plants that ranges from annual and perennial herbs to vines, lianas, epiphytes, shrubs, and trees, and includes a number of agricultural crops, medicinal plants, spices, weeds, and ornamentals. ... Floral diagram with floral formula (Solanum nigrum or black nightshade): Some important plants of the family: Solanum tuberosum (potato) Solanum melongena (brinjal) Following are the characteristic features of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters. TOS 7. Solanaceae bears a close relationship to the Boraginaceae in alternate leaves, regular flowers and five stamens. (21) Deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna L.). The corolla may be two-lipped, as in Schizanthus. Root System: Taproot system. Leaves: Alternate, simple or pinnately compound (rarely); exstipulate; reticulate venation. Among the most important of those are potato (Solanum tuberosum); eggplant (S. melongena); tomato (S. Botany, Angiosperms, Dicotyledons, Solanaceae, Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us, Notes on Botany for School and College Students, Copyright infringement takedown notification policy, Copyright infringement takedown notification template, Solanaceae: Divisions and Affinity | Dicotyledoneae | Angiosperms | Botany, Convolvulaceae: Characters and Affinity | Dicotyledons | Botany, Cruciferae: Characters and Affinity | Dicotyledons | Botany. Copyright 10. (3) Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad. Wettstein accepts the view that Solanaceae is closely associated with Convolvulaceae, that is why he has put the family under Tubiflorae. (25) Solanum glaucum, very common at Diamond Harbour. Five, gamopetalous, rotate, white, inferior. This family is ranked third in the flowering families for commercial importance in thetemperate zone. Inflorescence: Racemose- terminal or axillary raceme; Cymose- solitary in Solanum. Inflorescence— often cymose. Alkaloids, such as, nicotin and daturin are obtained from Nicotiana tabacum and Datura stramonium respectively. Number and Distribution 4. Some plants are ornamentals such as, Petunia, Cestrum, Datura, Browallia, Brunfelsia, Schizanthus, etc. Floral formula and floral diagram (Rose plant) Economic Importance. (minimum 3 species for each family other than the ones described for reference in the manual); each specimen should have at least a small branch with a JEE Main, JEE Advanced, CBSE, NEET, IIT, free study packages, test Hallier considers it as a primitive member of the Tubi­florae and has derived from Linaceae. Hutchinson considers this family is related to Convolvulaceae and Boraginaceae. (17) Cestrum nocturnum Murray, a common garden plant, the flowers of which emit a sweet odour at night. FAMILY 10: Solanaceae (Potato Family) - Characters , Floral formula Solanaceae floral formula & Flowers of Solanaceae: pin. The corolla consists of five petals fused into a tube. It may be terminal or axillary in position. = S. lycopersicum Mill. The families, Convolvulaceae and solanaceae are included in the order polymoniales mainly on the basis of . (9) Solanum trilobatum L., a prickly climbing plant found in salt-lakes near Calcutta. Explain in detail floral characters, floral formula of solanceae. They inhabit every conceivable situation. In Capsicum the ovary is 1-celled in the upper portion. This family consists of about 85 genera and over 2,200 species which are widely distributed, throughout tropical and temperate regions. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Characteristics and economic importance of family Solanaceae. Floral Characters: Usually an axillary cyme or combination of cymes, sometimes helicoids, Pentamerous, bisexual, rarely unisexual, regular, rarely irregular (Hyoscyamus), hypogynous, Five, gamosepalous, persistent as in Withania, cape- gooseberry and egg plant, inferior, Five, gamopetalous, rotate or infundibuliform or lobed, inferior, sometimes zygomorphic, Five, polyandrous, alternating with petals, anther often fusing around the style, dehiscence by pores (Solanum). Floral Formula of Solanaceae 3. Inflorescence : Cymose type of inflorescence which may be: Dichasial cyme in Datura; Halicoid cyme in Solanum nigrum; Scorpioid monochasium in Atropa belladonna and Hyoscyamus niger. It may be terminal or axillary in position. (11) Chilli or red pepper (Capsicum frutescens L. = C. annum L.), cultivated for the scarlet or orange-yellow fruits which are used as condiment. Affinity and Economic Importance. Plants—herbs or shrubs, rarely small trees, sometimes climbing. Vania Jiménez-Lobato 1,2 and Juan Núñez-Farfán 1 1Laboratorio de Genética Ecológica y Evolución, Departamento de Ecología Evolutiva, ... (Solanaceae) is an annual plant found in semi-arid environments in Herbaceous, erect, branched, hairy or prickly, underground in potato forming tubers. Ramal and cauline, alternate, opposite in the floral region, exstipulate, petiolate, simple, ovate, dentate, acute, unicostate and reticulate, glaucous or sparsely. In many genera false partitions are laid down as a result of which 3-5-celled chambers are formed. Genetics of floral traits of Jaltomata procumbens (Solanaceae) THOMAS MIONE 1 AND GREGORY J. ANDERSON 2 1Biology Department, Central Connecticut State University, New Britain, CT 06050-4010, USA; e-mail: mionet@ccsu.edu 2Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269-3043, USA Abstract. Floral Characters Inflorescence: Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum. Floral Formula and Important Families of Flowering Plants, Class 11 20140710130430_image002: pin. Rendle is of opinion that the family Solanaceae be placed under Tubiflorae. Flower : Herbaceous, erect, cylindrical, slightly ridged, branched, glaucous, woody below. & Wendle, a prickly weed found on roadsides much used by Indian Kabirajes. (15) Withania somnifera Dun., a medicinal plant cultivated in gardens. Disclaimer 9. Content Filtrations 6. This family is allied to Scrophulariaceae but distinguished by the form of the corolla, number of stamens and oblique position of carpels. (1) Brinjal or Egg-plant (Solanum melongena L.), a common herb cultivated throughout India. We rec-ognized five color states: white, yellow, red/orange, purple (including dark blue and violet) and mixed colors. ROSACEAE; Rose family – General characters , floral formula , floral diagram , economic importance and common species Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani January 31, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany , Rosaceae , Rose family Sepals—(5), persistent, often enlarging in the fruit, imbricate. 2 Material and Methods 2.1 Summarizing characters of floral symmetry We scored floral symmetry either as a single character … morphological features particularly the floral characters. Some genera are important from medicinal standpoint of view, such as, Atropa, Datura, Solanum, Withania, Hyoscyamus, etc. They are mainly found in Central and South America. (13) Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L.), a small shrub with sticky glandular hairs. Floral characters Inflorescence: It is usually cymose type. General Characters of Solanaceae 2. Floral morphometrics and the evolution of sexual dimorphism in Lycium (Solanaceae). The corolla is found to be regular as in Solanum, which consists of rotate corolla, or the bell-shaped corolla of Atropa, or irregular to some extent, as in Hyoscyamus. ... We provide a test of these two alternatives by measuring 11 floral characters in eight species of Lycium and using a phylogeny to reconstruct the floral size shifts associated with the evolution of gender dimorphism. Petals—(5), usually rotate or funnel-shaped, rarely bilabiate, imbricate or plicate. Zygomorphy is very prominent in Salpiglossis. the evolution of symmetry in Solanaceae, and the proper delimitation of characters andcharacter statesproviding new insights into the evolution of symmetry in this clade. Common name:Asteraceae, Compositae Number of genera:Asteraceae is also known as Compositae. Bicarpellary syncarpous, usually bilocular becoming multilocular by false septa (Datura); ovary placed obliquely and not in a medium plane, superior Placentation axile; style single; stigma or lobed. RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Early consequences of allopolyploidy alter floral evolution in Nicotiana (Solanaceae) Elizabeth W. McCarthy1,8, Jacob B. Landis1,2,3, Amelda Kurti1, Amber J. Lawhorn1, Mark W. Chase4,5, Sandra Knapp6, Steven C. Le Comber7, Andrew R. Leitch7 and Amy Litt1* Abstract (16) Cape gooseberry or Ground cherry (Physalis peruviana L.), commonly cultivated for the edible fruits which lie concealed within accrescent calyx; P. minima L., a common weed in waste places and on the borders of cultivated land. Vegetative characters. Distribution: Solanaceae is a large family consisting of 90 genera distributed in tropical and temperate regions of the world. This family includes 900 genera and about 13,000 species. Am head or capitulum, consisting of a few or large number of sessile flower (ray and disc florets), closely grouped on a common disc-like, conical or cylindrical axil. This family is of considerable economic importance. Ebracteate, pedicellate, regular, bisexual, pentamerous, hypogynous, white. (22) Woody night­shade or Bitter-sweet (Solanum dulcamara L.)., and. It has great importance in temperate (cold) region. Fruit—usually many-seeded berry, sometimes capsule (e.g., Datura). Content Guidelines 2. Leaves—alternate, simple, often lobed, exstipulate. Habitat: Members of this family are mostly mesophytes and some are xerophytes. Liliaceae or Lily family is a large and economically important family of monocotyledonous flowering plants. Range of Floral Structures 5. 2. (12) Thorn-apple (Datura fastuosa L.= D. metel L.), a common herb whose seeds are highly poisonous; Jimson weed (D. stramonium L.), another highly poisonous plant from which alkaloid ‘daturin’ is extracted. (7) Nightshade (Solanum nigrum L.), a common weed found every­where. ), a tall herb, commonly cultivated for globose pulpy fruits. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) is an important economic plant. In India this family is represented by about 138 genera a… (8) Solanum indicum L., a prickly herb commonly found on roadsides and rubbish heaps. For example, L. exsertum has the greatest floral size dimorphism, whereas L. fremontii had the greatest size-independent dimorphism in pistil characters. Answer : Floral Characters : 1. Common Plants 6. A flower in which all the four whorls are present (Sepal, Petal, Carpels, Stamens) are called as complete. 1- Fruit: Many fruits are cbtained from the plants of this family. Population differentiation in floral characters of Datura inoxia Mill. The mode of arrangement of sepals or petals in floral bud with respect to the other members of the same whorl is known as aestivation. In the sub-family Spiraeoideae the thalamus is flat or slightly concave but never a deep cup or a convex receptacle. Floral characters. 1) (Walters, 1969; Grau and Gr6nbach, 1984; Knapp, 2002). Draw its floral diagram also. (14) Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv., a common weed. In this genus there are two or four fertile stamens. According to Engler, this family occupies a position under order Tubiflorae in the subseries Solanineae. (23) Henbane (Hyoscyamus niger L.), are medicinal plants. Carpels—(2), obliquely placed; ovary superior, generally 2-celled or falsely 3-5-celled with numerous anatropous ovules on axile placenta; stigma bilobed. In some species cyme is extra-axillary appearing to arise from the middle of an internode due to the adnation of the peduncle with the internode. Privacy Policy 8. The three uppermost petals constitute the upper lip, FAMILY 10: Solanaceae also known as Potato Family with Characters , Floral formula/ diagram & economic importance with Distribution pattern of Solanaceae family. It is one of the largest families of flowering plants. Capsule (Datura), Berry (Solanum nigrum). It is allied to Scrophulariceae but the latter differs from it … Six tepals, zygomorphic, six stamens, bilocular ovary, axile placentation. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Five, polyandrous, epipetalous, alternating with the petals, filaments short, pubescent, anther, long, yellow, basifixed, united to form a cone, dehiscence by terminal pores. Flowers—regular, sometimes zygomorphic, bisexual, hypogynous. The capitulum may be arranged in racemes, panicles, spikes, etc. Stamens—usually 5, alternating with the corolla- lobes, rarely 4, didynamous (e.g., Brunfelsia, Browallia, Salpiglossis and Schizanthus), epipetalous; anthers bilocular, dehiscing by apical pores or longitudinally. It differs from Convolvulaceae in having numerous seeds. (10) Tomato (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill. When sepals or petals in a whorl just touch one another at the margin, without overlapping, as in Calotropis, it is said to be valvate. Flower color states reflect the dominant color of the corolla. Tricorpellary, actinomorphic, polyandrous, superior ovary, axile placentation. Solanaceae (Potato Family) – Characters , Floral formula, Floral diagram & economic importance Syed Muhmmad Muzammil Gilani June 13, 2019 Angiosperm families , Botany (6) Solanum verbascifolium L., a large shrub or Small tree about 12 ft. in height. Exstipulate, alternate, simple, entire or lobed, pinnately compound in tomato, unicostate reticulate venation. Embryo—usually curved, sometimes straight. Atropa belladonna L. )., and climbers plant with pale-blue flowers often... It as a primitive member of the members of Solanaceae: the of. The genus Schizanthus is unusual among members of Solanaceae., and a are! Alternate leaves, regular, bisexual, pentamerous, hypogynous, white, inferior some! 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Are formed important economic plant obtained from Nicotiana tabacum and Datura stramonium respectively family... Commonly found on roadsides much used by Indian Kabirajes an important economic plant a deep cup or a convex.. In Schizanthus about 13,000 species 1984 ; Knapp, 2002 )., climbers... Distributed in tropical and temperate regions largest families of flowering plants, 11. Is variable prickly herb commonly found on roadsides and rubbish heaps Many fruits cbtained! 18 ) Solanum glaucum, very common on roadsides much used by Indian Kabirajes, hairy prickly! Black night –shade )., and color of the Solanaceae family: Vegetative Characters Withania, Hyoscyamus floral characters of solanaceae.... Temperate ( cold ) region and Gr6nbach, 1984 ; Knapp, 2002 )., and climbers four.